Hand surgery is a broad term that covers many different types of procedures. Plastic surgeons who perform hand surgery seek to restore hand and finger function. But hand surgeons also try to make the hand look as normal as possible, as well. Hand reconstructive surgery may be done for many reasons, including:
Hand surgery is the field of medicine that deals with problems of the hand, wrist, and forearm. Hand surgeons care for these problems with and without surgery. They are specially trained to operate when necessary. Many hand surgeons are also experts in diagnosing and caring for conditions of the elbow. Some hand surgeons treat only children, some treat only adults, and some treat both.
Otoplasty — also known as cosmetic ear surgery — is a procedure to change the shape, position or size of the ears.
You might choose to have otoplasty if you're bothered by how far your ears stick out from your head. You might also consider otoplasty if your ear or ears are misshapen due to an injury or birth defect. Otoplasty can be done at any age after the ears have reached their full size — usually after age 5 — through adulthood.
Smoking decreases blood flow in the skin and can slow the healing process. If you smoke, your doctor will recommend that you stop smoking before surgery and during recovery.
Rhinoplasty or Nose Surgery, is a procedure designed to reshape or refine the nose & It can also help in selected nasal air flow problems. Rhinoplasty is truly a combination of art and science & a successful Rhinoplasty requires careful preoperative planning. Each part of the nose, including the dorsum (or “bridge” of the nose), the tip, the nostrils and their relationship and proportions to each other must be carefully analyzed. The effect that a manipulation of one part will have on the appearance of another must be predicted and calculated. His rhinoplasty technique revolves around balancing his patient’s proportions & overall shape that is perfect for each person’s unique characteristics.
This procedure is designated for women after breast removal due to cancer or other conditions. The reconstruction can be performed during breast removal procedure, or after several months, even a year or afterwards. There are techniques to reconstruct a breast which is very similar to the natural one. – Breasts can be reconstructed with implants, expander and implant and with body tissues. After removal of breast, an expander is inserted under the skin and the chest muscles.
It has a special valve which can be filled from the outside. The implant is being filled gradually with a solution, until the skin has sufficiently expanded for the insertion of the implant. The breast can also be reconstructed with body tissue from areas with extra skin and fat, such as lower abdomen or back (latissimus dorsi muscle). It takes another 3-6 months until the breast has acquired its final shape, then the nipple can be reconstructed as well. Reconstruction results in significant improvement in social life and self esteem of women.
The goal of cleft lip surgery is to repair the separation of the lip. Cleft lip is typically repaired between 3 and 6 months of age. During those first few months, your child is monitored closely for adequate weight gain and nutrition, and to make sure that there are no issues relative to breathing while eating.
The plastic surgeon will make an incision on each side of the cleft from the lip to the nostril. The two sides of the lip are then sutured together, using tissue from the area to rearrange and close the lip as needed. In addition to closing the lip, cleft lip repair realigns the muscle of the upper lip to provide normal lip function and facilitate suckling.
The goal of cleft palate surgery is to fix the roof of the mouth so that your child can eat and talk normally. Cleft palate repair is a more complicated surgery and has the best outcome when the child is slightly older and better able to tolerate the surgery, but before significant speech development occurs. Surgical repair of the palate generally occurs around 1 year of age, following the successful repair of cleft lip if present. In some cases, a second operation is needed.
Cranioplasty is the surgical repair of a bone defect in the skull resulting from a previous operation or injury. There are different kinds of cranioplasties, but most involve lifting the scalp and restoring the contour of the skull with the original skull piece or a custom contoured graft made from material such as:
Conventional cranioplasty methods, which have been used by neurosurgeons for more than 100 years, involve peeling back all five layers of the scalp to place the bone remnant or custom implant into the proper cranial location.
Vascular disease is a group of diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins of the circulatory system) where there is a disorder and disruption in the blood flow that can lead to disability and even death. Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty which involves usage of minimal-invasive catheter procedures to treat the diseases of the vascular system, arteries, veins and lymphatic circulation. However, intracranial and coronary arteries are not included in vascular surgery.
The vascular system is the network of veins that move throughout the body. Vascular surgery specialist in India perform vascular surgery to treat the following conditions:
Limb lengthening is a process that gradually grows new bone. Limb lengthening is used to correct limb length discrepancies and congenital short statures, and is often performed in conjunction with limb deformity correction. There are a number of birth defects that result in limb length discrepancies and congenitally short limbs. Skeletal abnormalities and dysplasias can also be corrected via lengthening, as well as achondroplasia and other dwarfisms. Patients suffering from post-traumatic injuries may also undergo lengthening as part of their treatment.
The limb lengthening process works by gradually growing new bone and soft tissues (skin, muscle, nerves, blood vessels, etc.). Bone and soft tissue regenerate when they are pulled apart at a very slow rate, a process known as distraction. The rate of distraction is typically one millimeter per day. Any faster and the bone may fail to form in the gap, muscles will become contracted, and nerves may become paralyzed; any slower and the bone will reform in the gap, a process known as premature consolidation, which halts the lengthening.
Lengthening is divided into two phases: distraction and consolidation. Lengthening happens during the distraction phase. After the desired length is obtained, the newly regenerated bone is still very weak. The hardening and calcification of this new bone is called the consolidation phase.
Varicose veins are veins that become enlarged, bulgy or twisted, more likely in the leg or feet, but it could occur to any part of the body. They can be in blue, red or purple in colour. In the leg veins, there are valves that pump blood back towards the heart. Due to the increased pressure on the leg or feet, veins or the valves become varicose, don’t pump blood.
The situations get critical for those who have more standing hour’s jobs. Long-standing can lead to swelling, skin thickening, ulceration, and venous eczema. These are not life-threatening complications although, but sometimes it may be confused with deep vein thrombosis which can be life-threatening.
Varicose veins is a very common condition, it is estimated that about 6-7% of the entire population has some kind of varicose veins. That said, if we convert it to Indian demographics, about 84 million people will suffer from varicose veins. They can last for years or be lifelong.
It is usually hereditary. Approximately 70% of all patients with varicose veins have parents with a related condition. If either of your parents has or had these thick, bulgy veins you are more likely to develop them.
If you are working in a facility that requires long standing hours can root varicose veins. Also, pregnancy and obesity make you more vulnerable to varicose veins.
So men and women from different age groups can be affected by this condition. But women are more likely to develop varicose veins, because of hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, etc.
These large swelling veins are caused by a blood clot which can be corrected through Lifestyle changes and wearing compression stockings. These remedies will relieve for some time, but it won’t offer you a permanent solution. So better to adopt the medical procedure to cure this problem of the root.
If you have been diagnosed with ESRD and require dialysis, you will need to have a dialysis access placed. An AV fistula is the type of dialysis access that is considered the best choice because it generally lasts longer and has fewer problems.
An AV fistula is a surgical connection made between an artery and a vein, created by a vascular specialist. An AV fistula is typically located in your arm, however, if necessary it can be placed in the leg. With an AV fistula, blood flows from the artery directly into the vein, increasing the blood pressure and amount of blood flow through the vein. The increased flow and pressure causes the veins to enlarge. The enlarged veins will be capable of delivering the amount of blood flow necessary to provide an adequate hemodialysis treatment. AV fistulas are the preferred vascular access for long-term dialysis because they last longer than any other dialysis access types, are less prone to infection and clotting, and can be relied upon for predictable performance.
Laser surgery is a type of surgery that uses special light beams instead of instruments for surgical procedures. LASER stands for "Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation." Lasers were first developed in 1960.
Newer laser modifications continue to have a large impact on medical and surgical practices. A large part of their impact has been seen in the treatment of various skin lesion and diseases.
Laser surgery is a type of surgery that uses special light beams instead of instruments, such as scapels, to perform surgical procedures. There are several different types of lasers, each with characteristics that perform specific functions during surgery. Laser light can be delivered either continuously or intermittently and can be used with fiber optics to treat areas of the body that are often difficult to access.
There are many indications for the use of lasers in surgery. The following are some of the more common indications: